1. accumulate v. 積聚;堆積;積蓄
    accumulation n.
    積累;積聚;堆積
    It is unjust that a privileged few should continue to accumulate wealth.
  2. crumble v.粉碎,弄碎
    That’s the way the cookies crumble.
    人生不如意的事十常八九。原意指「餅乾難免會碎」
  3. establish v.建立 (= found, set up)
    establishment
    n. 建立;設立
    established
    adj.已建立的;已確立的;已制定的
  4. radiate v.(光、熱等)散發,輻射
    radiant
    adj.光芒四射的;明亮照耀的
    radiation
    n. 發光;發熱;輻射[U]
    He radiated calm confidence.
    Kindness radiated from her.
  5. V+Ving
    1.
    最常見者:
    mind (
    介意) miss (錯過) enjoy (享受) give up (放棄)
    admit (
    承認) avoid (避免) finish (完成) escape (逃離)
    practice (
    練習) stop (停止) risk (冒險) keep (保持)

    2.
    次要者:
    appreciate (
    感激) quit (戒絕) consider (考慮)
    deny (
    否認) imagine (想像) complete (完成)
    delay (
    耽擱), postpone (延遲)
    suggest (
    建議), recommend (建議), advise (忠告), propose (提議)
    fancy, imagine, picture (
    想像), go (...)
    resent (
    痛恨), resist (反抗) recommend (建議)
  6. essential adj.必要的;重要的;本質的
    essence n.基本;本質;原素
    A good diet is essential for everyone.
  7. objective adj.客觀的 n. 目標
    [
    ] subjective adj.主觀的
    oppose = be opposed to = object to = be against ~
    反對
    objection
    n.反對‭ ‬to ~
    object
    n.物體;(嘲笑)對象;目標 +of
  8. otherwise adv. 在其他方面;否則,不然
    Most people are superstitious. But I think otherwise.
    大部分的人都迷信。但是我想法不同。
    Work hard; otherwise you'll be fired.
    努力工作;否則你會被炒魷魚。
    According to the media, this politician is a man of his word, but I think otherwise.
    In Africa, girls were traditionally force-fed because obesity was viewed as a symbol of wealth. But today's young girls think otherwise.
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Schools are not exam factories for the rat race.
Johann Lamont
Brushing your teeth regularly will help you maintain a healthy smile. But that smile wont last long if you dont take proper care of your toothbrush and switch to a new one often. According to the

American Dental Association (ADA), toothbrushes can harbor bacteria. These germs come from the mouth and can 11 in toothbrushes over time.
Many Americans replace their toothbrushes only once or twice a year. The ADA, however, recommends 12 a new toothbrush every three to four months. Childrens toothbrushes may need to be changed more 13 .
During those three to four months of use, there are several ways to keep a toothbrush clean. 14 , rinse your toothbrush thoroughly with tap water after use, making sure to remove any toothpaste and debris. Store your toothbrush in an upright position, and let 15 air dry. Most importantly, do not share toothbrushes.
11. (A) accumulate1(B) crumble2 (C) establish3 (D) radiate4
12.
5 (A) use (B) to use (C) using (D) used
13. (A) essentially
6 (B) frequently (C) typically (D) objectively7
14. (A) In short (B) Otherwise
8 (C) Nevertheless (D) For example
15. (A) it (B) one (C) the (D) which