1. habitat n.棲息地
    inhabit v.居住於
    inhabitant n.居民
    uninhabited adj.無人居住的
  2. ingenuity n.心靈手巧;獨創性;足智多謀
    ingenious adj.心靈手巧的;足智多謀
  3. conduct n.行為 v.(1)引導;指揮 (2)管理
    conduction n.傳導
    semi-conductor 半導體
    conduct business/survey/experiment/ research
  4. transfer v. (1)遷移(2)調任(3)轉學/轉隊 from ~ to ~
    They're transferring him to a special unit at Great Ormond Street Hospital.
    You'll be transferred to the Birmingham office.
  5. diverse adj. (= various ) 多種多樣的;多變化的
    diversity (= variety)
    diverse (kinds of ) = various (kinds of) = many 各式各樣的
    diversify 使多樣化
  6. propose v. (1)提議+N
    (2) propose to
    proposal n.提議;求婚
    proponent n.支持者
    proposition n.提議,建議
  7. order n.順序 orderly adj.整齊的;有條理的
    disorder n.混亂,無秩序
    in an alphabetical order 照字母次序的
    mental disorder 精神病
  8. digest n.文摘 digest v.消化
    digestive system 消化系統
  9. serve v. ...服務;...服役
    servant n. 1.僕人,佣人 2. 公務員,公僕
    serving n. (食物、飲料等)一份
    service(s) n. 1.服務;效勞 2.宗教儀式;禮拜式
    Dinner is served ! 上菜了
    Justice is served ! 公平得以伸張!
  10. consequence n. 後果
    suffer the consequence
    as a consequence/result, as a consequence/result of
    consequently adv.結果,因此
  11. casually adv.偶然地;臨時地
    casualty n.意外事件,傷亡者,傷亡人數
    casual clothes formal dress
  12. 與過去事實相反

    If + had +p.p. ,
    主要子句用 should/would/ might/could+ have + p.p

    If I
    had finished my homework, I should have earned the gift yesterday.
    昨天如果我寫完功課, 就可以得到禮物 (事實沒寫也沒得到禮物)
    If you had told me about the problem, I would have helped you.
  13. generation(s) n.世代;產生 generate v. 產生 generation gap
    first-generation immigrants 第一代移民
    a third-generation American
    Some families have lived here for generations.
    the new generation of mobile phones
    second-generation computers
    the generation of electricity
    the younger/older generation 年輕/老一代
Stacks Image 332
What makes us human, I think, is an ability to ask questions, a consequence of our sophisticated spoken language.
Jane Goodall
Hiding herself among the trees near a chimpanzee habitat1, Elizabeth Lonsdorf is using her camera to explore mysteries of learning. The chimpanzee she records picks up a thin flat piece of grass and then digs out tiny insects from a hole. Dinner is 16 ! But how did the chimp develop this ingenious2 skill with tools? Do the chimp babies copy their parents in using tools? Do the mothers most skilled with tools have offspring who are also good at using tools? Here in Africa, Lonsdorf is conducting3 one of the worlds longest wildlife studies, trying to discover how learning is transferred4 17 generations.

Lonsdorf has always been interested in animal learning and tool use, 18 the way young animals grow up and learn their way in the world. Her chimpanzee study shows a clear link between humans and the rest of the animal kingdom. The chimps make and use tools and have mother-child relationships very 19 to those of humans. Through observing chimpanzees’ learning process, researchers hope to gain insight into what the development of our earliest ancestors 20 like.

Lonsdorf hopes that by understanding the complexity of animal behavior, we can better appreciate and protect the diversity5 of life on this planet.

16. (A) proposed6 (B) ordered7(C) digested8 (D) served9
17. (A) across (B) beside (C) upon (D) within
18. (A) especially (B) originally (C) consequently
(D) fortunately
19. (A) casual
11 (B) similar (C) direct (D) grateful
20. (A) is to be (B) was to be (C) might have been
(D) will have been