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相信很多同學都曾受到Economist經濟學人雜誌的豐富內容吸引,想要透過閱讀經濟學人拓展視野並學習英文,有些同學就會撒下銀子訂閱。但問題是,常常一週的內容還沒讀完,新的一期又來了。如果你知道如何挑出經濟學人重要的文章精讀、掌握整本雜誌編排的架構,那麼就可以有效率地閱讀經濟學人掌握世界趨勢。
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2630個微課程上傳
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4043題,每請分各篇文之文最適當一個項,請畫記在答案卡之「選擇題答案區」。各題答對者,2分;答錯、未作答或畫記於一者,該以零

“Books deliver information so that experience has a chance to exercise creativity.”
Richard Diaz
The Japanese have long puzzled public health researchers because they are such an apparent paradox: They have the worlds lowest rates of heart disease and the largest number of people that live to or beyond 100 years despite the fact that most Japanese men smoke—and smoking counts as one of the strongest risk factors for heart disease. So whats protecting Japanese men?


Two professors at the University of California at Berkeley hoped to find out the answer. They investigated a pool of 12,000 Japanese men equally divided into three groups: One group had lived in Japan for all their lives, and the other two groups had emigrated to Hawaii or Northern California. It was found that the rate of heart disease among Japanese men increased five times in California and about half of that for those in Hawaii.
The differences could not be explained by any of the usual risk factors for heart disease, such as smoking, high blood pressure, or cholesterol counts. The change in diet, from sushi to hamburgers and fries, was also not related to the rise in heart disease. However, the kind of society they had created for themselves in their new home country was. The most traditional group of Japanese Americans, who maintained tight-knit and mutually supportive social groups, had a heart-attack rate as low as their fellow Japanese back home. But those who had adopted the more isolated Western lifestyle increased their heart-attack incidence by three to five times.
The study shows that the need to bond with a social group is so fundamental to humans that it remains the key determinant of whether we stay healthy or get ill, even whether we live or die. We need to feel part of something bigger to thrive. We need to belong, not online, but in the real world of hugs, handshakes, and pats on the back.

40. What is the best title of this passage?
(A) Heart Diseases and Their Causes
(B) The Power of Social Connection
(C) Differences in Japanese Americans
(D) The Sense of Belonging vs. Isolation

41. Which of the following is a finding of the two American professors study?
(A) Many Japanese men that lived up to 100 years were smokers.
(B) Those who often ate hamburgers and fries were more likely to fall sick.
(C) Japanese immigrants to America usually formed a tight-knit community.
(D) Westernized social life was related to the heart-attack rate of Japanese Americans.

42. Which of the following is an example of “something bigger in the last paragraph?
(A) A family.
(B) A stadium.
(C) The universe.
(D) The digital world.

43. What is the ratio of heart disease between Japanese living in Japan and Japanese Americans in Hawaii?
(A) 1 to 2.5
(B) 1 to 5
(C) 3 to 5
(D) 1.5 to 5


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